LEWIS & CLARK COLLEGE






Prof. David Campion





German General Lettow-Vorbeck surrenders to British forces at Mbala in 1918 © National Musueum of Tanzania

MAIN PAGE COURSE REQUIREMENTS EAST AFRICA IN FILM BOOK REVIEWS SUGGESTED READING

SCHEDULE OF CLASSES

FALL 2008

Unit IThe "Scramble for Africa" and the Origins of European Colonialism
Unit IIPolitics, Society, and the Economy of Colonial Kenya
Unit IIIThe Great War in East Africa and its Aftermath
Unit IVIndependence and Postcolonial Kenya
Unit VZanzibar and Colonial Tanganyika
Unit VIPostcolonial Tanzania and Uganda; Conclusion



Unit I: The "Scramble for Africa" and the Origins of European Colonialism

Topics:
Africa in the early nineteenth century
Political, cultural, and economic motives for European expansion into Africa
Science, technology, and imperialism
The dynamics of formal and informal empire


Reading:
Frank McLynn, Ch.3 "Mountains of the Moon," Ch.7 "Dark Companions," Ch.11 "The Impact of Disease," Ch.12 "Armed Clashes," Ch.14 "Exploration and Imperialism," Ch.16 "Psychology of the Explorers." in Hearts of Darkness, The European Exploration of Africa, (London: Hutchinson, 1992)
Daniel Headrick, Ch.3 "Malaria, Quinine, and the Penetration of Africa," Ch.6. "African Arms," Ch.7 "The Arms Gap and Colonial Confrontation," in The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century, (Oxford Univ. Press, 1981)
F.D. Lugard, "The Rise of our East African Empire" (1893)
Joseph Chamberlain, "The True Conception of Empire" (1897)


NOTE: Both Book Reviews are due on the first day of program, September 2




Unit II: Politics, Society, and the Economy of Colonial Kenya

Topics:
The abolition of slavery in the British Empire
Control of the Nile and the Anglo-French geopolitical rivalry
Building the Uganda Railway
Indian migration to East Africa
British settler society and interaction with indigenous communities


Reading:
Daniel Headrick, Ch.14 "African Transportation: Dreams and Realities" in The Tools of Empire
Charles Ambler, "The Great Famine, 1897-1901" in Kenyan Communities in the Age of Imperialism, (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1988)
Thomas Metcalf, "India in East Africa" in Imperial Connections: India in the India Ocean Arena, 1860-1920, (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 2007)
Robert Tignor, Ch.1 "The Creation of Colonial Societies in Kenya," Ch.4 "Maasai Warriors," and Ch.10 "Kikuyu Nationalism" in The Colonial Transformation of Kenya: The Kamba, Kikuyu, and Maasai from 1900 to 1939, (Princeton Univ. Press, 1976)




Unit III: The Great War in East Africa and its Aftermath

Topics:
British and German geopolitical objectives in East Africa
The military campaigns and their effect on East African society
The consequences of the war for Europeans and Africans


Reading:
Byron Farwell, "War Comes to German East Africa" and "War Comes to British East Africa" in The Great War in Africa, 1914-1918, (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1986)
John Iliffe, Ch.8 "Fortunes of War" in A Modern History of Tanganyika, (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1979)
Wm. Roger Louis, "The Repartition of Africa during the First World War" in Ends of British Imperialism: The Scramble for Empire, Suez, and Decolonization, (London: I.B. Tauris, 2006)




Unit IV: Independence and Postcolonial Kenya

Topics:
Political developments in postwar colonial Kenya
The Emergency: Mau-Mau, "Operation Anvil," screening and internment
Jomo Kenyatta and the Kenya Africa National Union
Decolonization, independence, and the East African Community
Ngugi wa Thiong'o and the politics of postcolonial Kenyan literature
Kenya under Moi and Kibaki


Reading:
Jomo Kenyatta, "Tribal Origin and Kinship System," and "The Gikuyu System of Land Tenure." in Facing Mount Kenya: The Tribal Life of the Gikuyu, (London: Secker & Warburg, 1953)
Jon Lonsdale, "Mau Maus of the Mind: Making Mau Mau and remaking Kenya," Journal of African History (31) 1990
Jomo Kenyatta, "The Kenya Africa Union is not the Mau Mau" in F.D. Cornfield, The Origins and Growth of Mau Mau, Sessional Paper No. 5 of 1959-1960 (Nairobi: 1960)
Jomo Kenyatta, "The Fruits of Life" and "Dawn of the Republic" in Harambee! The Prime Minister of Kenya's Speeches, 1963-1964, (Nairobi: Oxford Univ. Press, 1964)
Ngugi wa Thiong'o, "The Language of African Literature" in Decolonising the Mind, (London: Heinemann, 1986)
Ngugi wa Thiong'o, "In Moi's Kenya History is Subversive" in Moving to the Centre (London: James Currey, 1993)




Unit V: Zanzibar and Colonial Tanganyika

Topics:
Zanzibar and the Arab slave trade
The Burton-Speke expeditions
The colonial economy and politics of German East Africa
The Maji-Maji Rebellion
The colonial economy and politics of British Tanganyika


Reading:
Richard Burton, "From Zanzibar to Mombasah" and "A Stroll Through Zanzibar City" in Zanzibar: City, Island, and Coast, (London: Tinsley Brothers, 1872)
Byron Farwell, "AfricaŚThe Little Trip," "Discovery of Lake Tanganyika," and "The Great Mistake" in A Biography of Sir Richard Francis Burton, (New York: Viking, 1988)
Jacques Depelchin, "The Transition from Slavery, 1873-1914" in Abdul Sheriff and Ed Ferguson (eds.), Zanzibar under Colonial Rule, (Athens, OH: Univ. of Ohio Press, 1991)
John Iliffe, Ch.4 "German Conquest," Ch.5 "Railways and the Colonial Economy," Ch.6 "Maji-Maji Rebellion," in A Modern History of Tanganyika




Unit VI: Postcolonial Tanzania and Uganda; Conclusion

Topics:
Nyerere, Ujamaa, and Tanzanian socialism
Politics and society in Modern Uganda
Conclusion


Reading:
John Iliffe, Ch.16 "The Nationalist Victory, 1955-61," in A Modern History of Tanganyika
Julius Nyerere, "Ujamaa: The Basis of African Socialism" in Uhuru na Umoja (Freedom and Unity): A Selection from Writings and Speeches, 1952-1965, (Dar es Salaam: Oxford Univ. Press, 1966)
Julius Nyerere, "The Arusha Declaration" in Uhuru na Ujamaa (Freedom and Socialism): A Selection from Writings and Speeches, 1965-1967, (Dar es Salaam: Oxford Univ. Press, 1968)
Jan Shetler, "The Creation of the Serengeti National Park" in Imagining Serengeti: A History of Landscape Memory in Tanzania from Earliest Times to the Present, (Athens, OH: Ohio Univ. Press, 2007)


FINAL EXAMINATION


Created by campion@lclark.edu
Updated: August 2014